Friends, today we are going to give a very popular book 21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary in Hindi written by Israeli author Yuval Noah Harari. It has 21 chapters. The summary of all these is as follows:
1 – Disillusionment
Many countries are victims of Disillusionment. Some countries consider themselves to be extremely superior and others. They also keep putting their feet on the internal issues of the countries.
But these are just their illusions. For example, let’s say the USA calls itself the number one country. But this does not mean that all the citizens there are superior to the citizens of other countries.
Like if a man of India is a doctor, will the common citizens of America become better than him?
So individuality has its place and collective conscience has its place.
Many countries are controlling others only on the basis of information received from data. It is believed that whoever has the data, has the power.
Here is an example of Israel. They keep an eye on the Internet of Palestinians. And from the data obtained from it, they know where the attack can take place. And they foil their plan even before that.
So the time to come is going to be AI.
2 – Work : Source (21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary)
The way of working in the future will change completely. Everything will be operated with Artificial intelligence. Robots based on AI will do the same thing.
Operation in hospitals, work of maids in homes, teaching in schools, etc. everything will be possible with AI.
But the biggest problem is also that if AI can control humans one day, what will happen?
Will we become slaves of Robots?
Therefore unregulated use of AI would be harmful.
3 – Liberty
Different types of political philosophies have come and gone in the world. Sometimes fascism came and sometimes communism.
But the most popular has been liberalism. Everyone has the right to live life in his own way. And there should be.
But political groups do not allow this to happen. They also force other people to behave like them.
But all persons are unique. Everyone’s preference is different. If a leader says that everyone should eat brinjal vegetables because he likes them, will it be appropriate? Many people do not like eggplant at all.
Therefore every political party should also include the concept of liberty in its manifesto. Source – 21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary in Hindi.
4 – Equality
Right now there is a lot of inequality at the economic level in the countries of the world. Countries can be divided into developed, developing, and underdeveloped. That is why everyone should try together to remove this inequality.
Because somewhere there are people who do not have food or health facilities. Many people have been bankrupt.
5 – Community
Science and technology have greatly influenced the human community. Today you can talk to a cousin sitting in Switzerland in the same way as someone sitting in another room.
This has become possible through the internet and video calls. Due to all this, the mobility of our people from one country to another has increased a lot. And the world is evolving into an international community.
6 – Civilization
There used to be millions of civilizations centuries ago. But over time they all went extinct.
Now the whole world has become as if a global village.
Is the extinction of these cultures and customs right? How would it feel if you go to Rajasthan and there?
The women should be seen only in the clothes of Western culture like pant-shirt and wear their traditional clothes.
So this needs more attention. The author has emphasized hybrid culture.
Along with modern, traditional should also be used.
7 – Nationalism : Source (21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary)
Many leaders use the concept of nationalism. Sometimes the word patriotism is also used.
But sometimes nationalism is misinterpreted.
The real meaning of nationalism is that you believe that your country is unique in itself. But if you start believing that your country is superior and the rest of the country inferior then there is a problem.
21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary
Some people become fanatics and start promoting hyper-nationalism. This only leads to the spread of violence and hatred, which later becomes the reason for the downfall of any country.
8 – Religion
Religion is necessary but a rational religion. There are some things wrong with religion. That is why we should resort to scientific thinking and learn to balance both religion and science.
Some people become fundamentalists and spread riots and violence. This ruins the peace and economy of the country.
Religion gives us hope and our depression also stays away. Apart from this, good elements like literature, architecture, and unity are also found in religion.
21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary
It should also be remembered that the books of religion are written centuries ago and are not completely accurate.
They are also incomplete. Like satellite, vaccination, Facebook, robot, etc. is not even mentioned in any religious book.
So we should adopt the good elements of science and religion and discard the bad elements.
9 – Immigration
Many times people from one country migrate to another country. There are also problems with this. Some people support it. while others don’t do like.
But those who dislike are not racists, they are culturists. They want to preserve their culture. People from outside spoil their culture. That’s why they don’t want migrants.
Therefore, the government should make proper policies so that each other’s culture is not destroyed, but both flourish in their respective zones.
10 – Terrorism : Source (21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary)
The threat of terrorism is always there. There are many reasons for this. Some people become separatists and start demanding a new country for themselves.
Sometimes people also become terrorists because of religious fundamentalism. Unemployed youth also join these groups for money.
Therefore, the government should do counseling of such groups through negotiation. And efforts should be made to remove poverty and unemployment from the country.
11 – War
There have already been two World Wars in which crores of lives were lost. And the economies had collapsed.
We should take a lesson from them and there should not be any World War in the future.
21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary
Because the 3rd World War can destroy everything. Many countries have atom bombs. And no one will win in this.
Everyone can throw Atom Bombs at each other. Due to this humanity will end.
12 – Humility
Nowadays, the tendency to help others is dying out. Everyone is thinking of their self-interest.
Such humanity will be considered dead even though it is alive.
Many people are busy with their cell phones because of the internet. If a friend is sitting in front, then not listening to his words, he is watching useless videos on the cell phone.
We have to learn to support each other again. Only then humanity will be able to survive.
13 – God : Source (21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary)
The existence of God depends only on faith. Therefore everyone is free to believe in God or not. Therefore the concept of God cannot be imposed on anyone.
If someone does not believe in God but is engaged in the service of humanity, then he will be considered a good person. On the contrary, some dacoits go to Durga Mata with a blood vaccine before committing the robbery. He may be religious but will he be considered a good person?
Therefore, it is not necessary that people pretending to be religious should also be good human beings.
14 – Secularism
Different religions, castes, and creeds are found in all countries. So they should all be respected.
But to win elections, many leaders create differences in these religions. Riots spread violence, hatred, and polarization. It has become even easier through social media.
Due to this, whichever class is in majority, that leader gets his votes. And he seizes power. Then starts looting the country through corruption. And the people continue to suffer.
15 – Ignorance : Source (21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary)
Many human decisions are filled with ignorance. They take decisions emotionally and not logically.
A country keeps enmity with another country because they want to take revenge for the humiliation done in their past.
Or wants to establish his superiority. But these are just emotional talks and they have no justification.
In return, if friendship is increased, then the business will also increase and both the countries involved in the dispute will also progress.
16 and 17 – Post-Truth
Nowadays the media has also been hijacked in every country. Political parties to media channels
Put it in your pocket. And through them, they continue to brainwash the public.
In such a situation, the citizens of the country should keep revealing the truth on social media. because in the end, The world will run on truth only. Not by deceit and deceit.
18 – Science Fiction
People enjoy science fiction a lot. But the authors say that accurate information is not always given in science fiction.
Therefore, such writers should do their own creations only after doing thorough research.
In the coming time, emphasis is being given to AI. And a lot of literature has been written on this too.
Will robots really get control over humans? Will robots also do operations in the future and do household chores too? Only these AI-powered devices will do. Only time will tell this.
19 – Education : Source (21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary)
A hundred percent literacy is still not achieved in many countries. Due to this a lot of inequality is found in society.
Due to ignorance, people, despite having good plans for themselves, are not able to take advantage of them. And they always remain poor.
Due to this, the gap between rich and poor widens. With more poverty, crime also starts increasing. And civilized society becomes corrupt. Therefore every country should make its citizens literate.
20 – Meaning : Source (21 Lessons For The 21st Century summary)
Don’t try to find the meaning of life. Because it has no meaning. No matter how much success you achieve, no matter how much money you earn, one day everything will remain here.
So don’t find meaning but create meaning. Make even the smallest things meaningful.
Start living life as it is. If there is sorrow then live it and if there is happiness then live it. Don’t wait for the good days.
Don’t even try to run away from grief. Because only by going through sorrow you will know the value of happiness. Along with sorrow, creativity also increases and you also become mentally strong.
21 – Meditation
The reason for our sorrows is the lack of strength in our minds. That’s why we should take the help of meditation.
Just like people take the help of the gym to build the body, similarly, we need meditation to strengthen the brain should be resorted to.
15 minutes of meditation should be done every day. This will remove your stress. You will recognize the strength within you and you will become more aware of your surroundings.